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00:43 – Marc Carey
Would you reconcile a tillage conundrum for me please?
I’ve seen you demonstrate a BCS with a tiller, and I’ve seen you broadfork ground and use a tilther.
I’ve heard some folks advocate no tillage at all (Conor Crickmore). In my area of the US (Kentucky) our soil (tarped or not) gets packed down over the winter. Our production area is 2 acres so broadforking would be quite the undertaking.
What form of tillage in our permanent gardens do you suggest? Weed pressure is of course my main concern though soil structure is high on my list of priorities.
04:33 – Rafael Marques
Dear Curtis.
I’m Rafael Marques, from Portugal. I’ve some questions to you, please:
1. Can you tell me the quantity (grams) of sun flower ans peas seeds you put in the paper pot trays?
2. How long you put these seeds on water before you put in the trays? 24 hours?
3. During the time (5 days) you let these seeds sit, you put water on it?
06:28 – John Schwarzschild
Hi Curtis,
I’m am about to close on my land. I’m planning what to plant and which vendor to use.
You mention Johnny’s Seeds and Salanova a lot. Which Salenova works best for you? What other green? Which Carots, onion, beets? I’d like to get the names and quantities for each?
Also, I’m starting late due the purchase. Is it ok to start everything in May? I don’t have a greenhouse, so I’ll be using seed to start.
Which hoop houses do you like?
Should I net everything?
Cheers. The advent begins.
John from Austin
We met at Steadfast Farms. Your class was great!
11:23 – Farm Punk Salads
Theus here again (you got the pronunciation correct). I would love to hear you elaborate more on how you determine the price of a crop. I’m looking at your yields sample sheet and the profit/crop/flat. We are thinking a lot about cogs (cost of goods sold) for our salad dressings, but that feels much easier to figure out than determining vegetables. What do you consider necessary for including in this so that we might track that this season. This is a topic that could be potentially interesting to expand into a longer segment too, thoughts?
Thanks again and I wanted to leave our instagram page here for folks to check out and follow along with us! @farmpunksalads
16:48 – Paul Berchtold
Hi Curtis,
I appreciate all the effort you’re putting into making
good and useful content.
A Question:
Do you have plans to visit a nut farm or nut nursery?
It seems many people put in fruit trees, vines, berries, but
I don’t hear about many people working on nuts for
permaculture.  I heard a story that many people’s
survival in winter in northern Russia depended on
their gathering in the fall the wild nut harvest, and
if it wasn’t a good harvest, it made for a tough winter.
And for those who are patient, the ROI can be significant.
I’m in the Northwest US, (Zone 6 or safe 5B), and have
planted varieties of nuts that should do well in the north,
such as Carpathian Walnut seedlings, pecans, and
almonds. (Hazelnuts should also do well, maybe also
I’ve worked with vines, berries, fruit trees and now nut trees.
I’ve had my fair share of failures, but overall, I’d say nut
trees have been a steeper learning curve – there’s a lot
less reliable information out on the internet, some of it
not so reliable for our climate, altitude, etc.
I’m now in the process of starting nuts from seeds gathered
or purchased last Fall. I’ve made several trips to see people
who have nut orchards or to collect seeds from folks who have
a tree with good nuts. I now know that most nuts have tap
roots that go deep, they require lots of moisture / mulch to get
started, but you have to also have good drainage.
And when using pots to get them started, they
require tree pots that are taller than regular pots. And
unlike many trees and plants, it’s important not to plant
them deeper than when they were in the nursery.
I’m always searching for more information, especially for
starting and growing nuts in the north, I wonder if others might also
be interested.
A Comment:
Are you aware of solar seasons for greenhouse and
tunnel farming?  I read about it in a book years ago,
but have not come across it on the internet yet.
Basically, the solar season starts a month and a half
earlier than the calendar season.
For example, the Summer Equinox starts on the calendar
toward the end of June in the northern hemisphere.
But the solar summer starts in the 2nd week of May, because it’s the
3 months with the longest days, useful in a greenhouse
where the results of sunshine are immediate.
In comparison, outside the greenhouse, the 3 months
after calendar summer are usually the warmest, because
of the lag time for the sun to heat up the earth.
And solar winter is the opposite, the 3 months with the
shortest days.
I found this information useful in my farming efforts. There’s
a saying that every hour of sleep before midnight is worth
2 after. I find that every month before summer is worth 2 after
for growing many types of annual crops, and that just a week
or 2 separation of the same planting can make a massive
difference in harvest yields – by factors of multiples – especially
when the fall rains, early frost, and shorter days arrive.
Thank you, Curtis!  Many blessings to you and your family!
21:00 – bharath vamsee
to Curtis
Just heard this week’s Q&A. Follow up question –
How to become your Pro-Grower?
22:22 – Trey Johnson
Hey Curtis,
I would really like to know more about hedgerows. What types of plants are ideal? How to install them properly? What kind of maintenance or pruning should be done to keep them at certain height or make a thicker branch structure? Is it possible to have edibles in the hedgerow or would it be better to focus on branch structures that support bird and insect ecology? Obviously species selections differ depending on climate, but what are the general principles that will help me to make decisions?
Would you consider doing an in depth video on hedgerows in the future? Maybe JM Fortier or Paul and Elizabeth Kaiser could answer some of those questions.
I’m still enjoying the content and very pleased with the value I’ve gotten from your member area. I also like your counter-cultural take on things like social media, the importance of family, etc. Keep up the good work!

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    johnhson April 6, 2019

    Can I suggest Trey does a search on Amazon UK for hedge laying in books. There are some excellent works on the subject. Proper hedge maintenance provides a strong fence even on livestock farms, windbreaks and shelter – but the most important thing is the benefits to wildlife. I get where you’re coming from when you say about hedges not reducing pest pressure but the general environment.

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